On Friday 16th May, the Year 3 pupils travelled
over to Creswell Crags to find out more about their history topic on ‘Early
Man’. Jon, our guide, told us to put helmets with head torches on as we were
going to visit a Stone Age cave. We wandered along a path and suddenly, to our
surprise, out jumped a cave woman! She was dressed head to toe in animal fur,
was holding a long spear and had mud on face to camouflage her! She told us how
strange we all looked in our funny blue outfits and thought our helmets looked
like skulls with fire attached. Her name was Enya and she took us to her cave.
We all huddled together with our head torches on as Enya told us a fabulous
story about when her grandmother was a girl and how she saved a baby wolf cub,
and then managed to kill a cave lion. She explained that, in the Stone Age, stories
like these would have passed from one generation to the next and all of her
‘wolf’ tribe loved to hear them.
We said goodbye to Enya and went to an outdoor classroom to
try being archaeologists. The groups were given the task of carefully
uncovering different remains such as bones and tools.
We used a trowel to
remove the earth and then a toothbrush to remove any small pieces of dirt. We made
sure we took lots of care so we didn’t damage the hidden items. Once all of the
remains were found, we took them inside the classroom and tried to identify
them. Looking at the teeth of the jaw bones helped us to identify if they were
carnivores or herbivores.
Each group was then presented with a large box that contained
all of the bones of a Stone Age animal. We had to examine the skeleton and
piece together the bones to give an idea of what the animal was.
We managed to
discover that we had the remains of a hyena, a deer and a cave lion. John, our
guide, then let us put on a real animal fur, just like the Stone Age men would
After a peaceful lunch, sitting in the beautiful sunshine,
we headed over to the field and worked in groups to build a Stone Age shelter
out of branches and leaves. The next task was to try our hand at spear
throwing. There was a reindeer target to aim at and we managed to kill five in
total. Jon then gave us an ‘atlatl’ which is a piece of wood that can be
connected to the back of the spear to make it go even faster. Some of us were rather good at this,
including Miss Southam!
Now that we had shelter and food to eat, the final task was
to try to make fine. We worked in groups and used a bow, a shell, a stick and
some wood. We had to wrap the bow string around the stick and then place it in
the hole of the wood. We all worked together to push the bow backwards and
forwards until we spotted smoke!
The final part of the day was led by Miss Flack. We explored
the gorge and looked at all the different caves. At each cave, we tried to
identify the natural advantages and disadvantages of each site.
We all loved the trip and are now looking forwards to investigating
the ‘handling boxes’ that Creswell Crags have let us take back to school.
Dictated by 3F